Do You Know How Cloud Computing Works?

  • 6th Oct'21
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Cloud Computing is a great euphemism for centralization of computer services under one server. - Evgeny Morozov

We have gladly moved from traditional data centers to cloud computing techniques with the evolving technology and standards. We know how big data organizations rely on clouds for platform, storage, and accessibility. Why shouldn’t they? Cloud Computing gives an infrastructure where companies can document records virtually and make them available to the user anytime through the Internet. There is a multitude of activities that happens in the cloud. It constitutes servers, networks, and databases at the back-end and lets users command data through the cloud using the browser. Cloud contains several records of the same data for protection from data breaches and to prevent data loss. 

Understanding the plethora of cloud computing functions will only open the black box as there are many components within the cloud. But before delving into the working mechanism of cloud computing, here are a few basics and benefits of cloud computing.


cloud mechanism


Benefits of Cloud Computing

Saving Capital

Cloud ensures reducing cost on maintenance of IT devices as everything in the cloud is virtual. Companies resorting to cloud computing services can reduce purchasing costs and operating costs of equipment. They can easily use the resources from the cloud service provider at a nominal charge.


Diverse Resources

If your company is a consumer of a public or hybrid cloud provider, you can avail yourself resources collaborating with different peer companies. You can share resources, communicate with your clients and partners and not bother about security risks.


Healthy Competition

Companies are slowly taking a plunge into the economics of cloud computing culture. As much the information, more will be competitors to look forward to and varied the experiences. Hence cloud computing enables healthy competition among businesses.



We know how tedious it is to maintain hardware, databases at data centers. Accessing them every time takes up a lot more time because of the traditional security methods. While data protection is still a concern in the cloud, however, the time saved in data transfers and access is incomparable.



With the trend in remote working and technology, we cannot avoid considering the adaptability feature of cloud computing services. The working mechanism of cloud computing is entirely dependent on the principle of accessing data from anywhere, anytime.



As cloud sorts your storage problems, it lets you focus on your goals and expanding your business. As your computing services are taken care of, your scalability rises.



With automatic software upgrades as a part of your service fee, cloud computing brings you the latest technology without any inconvenience.


how cloud interacts


How Different is Cloud from Traditional Computing?

Cloud is relatively vast compared to any method companies have employed before. With the cloud, consumers can access data anytime and from anywhere. The time it takes is comparatively less, with no hassle in fetching information.

Cloud is just a space with an available collection of networks, servers, hardware, softwares, and many other components. An organization only needs to pay a service fee to avail of all these resources. It is to the point and gets only that much information as much as the user seeks.

The only resources to deal with cloud services are an internet connection and a gadget with API. When the impact of technology over human lives is enormous, cloud computing is an exciting venture to explore.


Models of Cloud Computing Service

Three basic models of Cloud computing elaborates the working mechanism of the cloud:


Infrastructure as a service is an API that lets users work in virtual machines. They inform users of the closest data center as per their location and accelerates work without going overboard. They ensure the latest technology is in place and minimize security risks involved during transfer.



A platform-based service lets users run applications in a cloud platform without building any infrastructure independently for the application. It consists of servers, tools, DBMS and facilitates networking and storage. It helps save cost as maintenance of high-level applications is hassle-free and straightforward.



Saas allows users to access programs from external servers in the cloud instead of installing softwares. Users can subscribe to the cloud-based apps through this model and get access to the respective softwares.


scalability of cloud


Working of Cloud Computing

The real question, however, is how cloud computing works. And the answer is through its components. The Cloud Computing concept is a combination of the front-end and back-end techniques. The front-end user seeks solutions and mostly interface through mobiles, laptops and type their requirements in browsers. The service provider from the back end delivers the solutions employing virtual machines and using security mechanisms and storage systems.

In a nutshell, using the following components clearly describes the process.

The solution a user seeks is primarily an application (platform) or software. Using a Graphical User Interface (Infrastructure), a client communicates with the cloud. The cloud searches for the service in the vast storage systems and presents the user the response via the internet. This process is relatively time-saving as the whole process is virtual, and the security mechanism is intact. Also, the immense range gives diversity to the entire process and introduces the user to a world of big data.


different functions of cloud


Examples of Cloud Computing Services

Email, Whatsapp, and other social media apps: As you send emails or chat over several social media apps, all your conversation happens in the cloud, and the contents shared also stay in the cloud.

Google Docs: Everything you save in docs and drives of Google are great examples of virtual machines and cloud computing services.

Zoom and Google Meet: The video and audio conferencing platforms are also cloud-based.


Future of Cloud Computing

The working mechanism of cloud computing is collaborative, where all resources combine to benefit users via the internet. The growing trend of IoT (Internet of things) and the massive economic benefit via cloud computing forecast an impressive future for these services. In this progression, however, companies must focus more on advanced security features. They must address poor cloud computing behaviors as the cloud lets third parties deal with your data. Resorting to the private cloud with enhanced features could be beneficial for companies.


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*Note: The content published above was made in collaboration with our members.

About the author:

Supriti Tripathy, OpenGrowth Content Team

A believer of good things and pursuer of diverse avocation, she is a fiction lover and a simple writer. Supriti has a number of professions to her list and she feels challenges are the only answers to failures.

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2021-10-07 11:51:21

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