Microchips That Bought a Transformation In The World

In the development of microchips design, little things add up to huge phenomena. Make up a microcircuit, form it from a strip of silicon, and this tiny creature can lead to a technological revolution. It all started with the microprocessor Intel 8088. Also with Mostek MK4096 4-kilobit DRAM. And not to forget the Texas Instruments TMS32010 digital signal processor.

Among the excellent microchips that have developed in factories for the fifty years of the reign of integrated circuits, one small group stands out. Their projects turned out to be so superior, so amazing, so ahead of their time, that there are no longer have the technological cliches to explain them. They gave us the technology that made our short and usually boring existence in this universe tolerable.


Mostek MK4096 4-kilobit DRAM


Some of these microchips turned into a long-playing icon of chip-lover worship: like the Signetics 555 timer. Others, like the Fairchild 741 operational amplifier, have become an exemplary example of circuit patterns. Some of them, for example, Microchip Technology PIC microcontrollers, were traded in billions, and are even being sold now. Several special chips, such as Toshiba flash memory, launched new markets. And at least some have become a symbol of geeks in pop culture. 


The Top 15 Microchips that shook the world are:

1 - Signetics NE555 Timer invented in 1971

2 - Texas Instruments TMC0281 Speech Synthesizer invented in 1978

3 - MOS Technology 6502 Microprocessor invented in 1975

4 - Texas Instruments TMS32010 Digital Signal Processor invented in 1983

5 - Microchip Technology PIC 16C84 Microcontroller invented in 1993

6 - Fairchild Semiconductor A741 Op-Amp invented in 1968

7 - Intersil ICL8038 Waveform Generator invented in 1983

8 - Western Digital WD1402A UART invented in 1971

9 - Acorn Computers ARM1 Processor invented in 1985

10 - Kodak KAF-1300 Image Sensor invented in 1986

11 - IBM Deep Blue 2 Chess Chip (1997)

12 - Transmeta Corp. Crusoe Processor (2000)

13 - Texas Instruments Digital Micromirror Device (1987)

14 - Intel 8088 Microprocessor (1979)

15 - Micronas Semiconductor MAS3507 MP3 Decoder (1997)


To know more on the Microchips that shook the world, OpenGrowth suggests you refer these links:

25 microchips that shook the world: 

The question is: what processor does Bender, an alcoholic, a smoker and a censorious robot from Futurama work on? Answer: MOS Technology 6502. Read More


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Contributor: Sudeshna Dutta

Sudeshna is an engineer in making. She is a writer at OpenGrowth. Apart from dealing with circuits and chips, she is passionate about being a keyboardist and pianist and wants to attain professionalism in it with her talent coupled with hard work.

Amritanshu, a geek, an explorer, traveler and innovative creator by heart. Experimenting with new ideas and exploring innovative technologies are his break-through talent. Endless craze for technology and creativity. Associated with editorial team at OpenGrowth and keenly serving great stuff from startup world.


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