Understanding the Ecosystem, Concepts, and Types of Cloud Computing

Supriti Tripathy

8th Nov'21

The ecosystem, as we know, is the survival of living and non-living beings together on the earth and exerting total balance. The ecosystem of cloud computing does not differ much from its meaning. However, the components are hardware, software, and tag-along elements like cloud vendors, customers, partners, etc. We were at the brink of technology transformation when the concept of cloud computing came to the forefront. We neither anticipated how practically feasible the idea was nor assessed how it could provide us sorted answers for our everyday problems. 

We were evolving, of course, but the economics of cloud computing has taken it to another level. Today with the help of cloud computing, businesses can reach out to cloud vendors and avail different products, run applications on their infrastructure, and store immense information. They have been able to answer their changing needs and cater to customers in a more refined manner. Let’s take a peek into how it all started, the concepts and types of cloud computing.


Where It All Began?

In March 2006, Amazon, wanting to create innovative solutions for its larger audience, offered its cloud services to the public. Soon, it provided another service, EC2(Elastic Compute Cloud), and the first service, S3(Simple Storage Service). It was a revolutionary find, but cloud characteristics were different from existing models that offered those services. Since assisting the public was relatively new, it brought lots of questions on the security aspect. 


cloud ecosystem


Today, the cloud ecosystem has a lot of participants for its vast endeavors. As a robust platform, it offers access to a plethora of computer resources like servers, data centers, application software, etc. It helps companies avoid huge setup costs today, which used to cost too much earlier. Now they just have to decide which services they want and pay as they use them.


Concepts Of Cloud Computing

IaaS (Infrastructure As A Service)

IaaS allows users to access different hardware components from several networks over the web via the cloud provider. Users can use virtual machines to test and run applications, mine big data, work on financial modeling, run websites, and much more. The host or provider pulls off the resources from many elements of the cloud ecosystem and makes them available to the businesses. 

IaaS packages consist of servers, networks, storage, etc. It is highly beneficial for businesses as they don’t have to bother managing the components. They can simply address the changing demands, cater to their customers, and pay for their use. Since it’s a demand-based concept, there is hardly any waste of resources. Also, it helps save time and effort for creating innovative solutions for other aspects. Windows Azure, Google Compute Engine are some examples of IaaS.


PaaS (Platform As A Service)

A platform for all your needs, PaaS provides you with a framed blueprint where you can build personalized business applications. With a single click, users and software developers can create the software from any location. The PaaS provider even handles maintenance and upgrades of such platforms. A PaaS mainly consists of a host of components like DBMS, design, and software development tools, storage and support, networking, etc. 

So, it is time relevant, hassle-free, and cost-effective method of deploying software solutions for shifting business needs. Google App Engine, OpenShift, and AWS Elastic Beanstalk are some examples of PaaS. 


SaaS (Software As A Service)

As businesses project growth and require innovation at the application level, SaaS comes to the rescue with a horde of groundwork specialties. Customers can directly access software applications from the cloud and use application programming interfaces, test applications, or store data locally or globally. The particular software has different copies, and n number of users over the cloud can access a copy to start working on them. The services provider ensures regular updates on the distributed software so that users get the newest versions.


cloud computing concepts


Application-level services such as CRM, data analytics, etc., ensures businesses soar competitively in the market and evolve with technology. You can access such services from your phone or computer for a reasonable cost you pay for what you use. Common examples of SaaS applications are Gmail, Netflix, Dropbox, etc. Some of the SaaS services are Zoho CRM and Microsoft Office 365, among others.


Serverless Computing

With this cloud computing concept, users can develop software, create IT function without paying for or maintaining a server. All they have to do is focus on creating a compelling application solution than worrying about server logistics. The cost also gets halved as you pay only for the functions you use.

Cloud enables users with different tools and technologies with products they can access from remote locations, share across other platforms and use efficiently.


Types Of Cloud Computing

There are primarily four types of cloud computing. All of them serve different purposes catering to the need of customers and slightly differ concerning scalability, security, and storage aspects. Let’s jump on to a brief idea on the classification.


Public Cloud

This type of cloud deployment model implies many customers (commonly called tenants) who use cloud services commonly hosted by providers for the public. It lets organizations use services at an economical price similar to other tenants. The service depends on the demand of businesses, and they pay for the functions they use like storing and networking. Sun Cloud and Google Cloud are some public cloud examples. 


Private Cloud

The model that provides customized solutions to businesses is a part of the Private Cloud. The computing services thereby are internal or private. Hence, it encapsulates data better, ensuring the proper security of the business. It employs firewalls to keep the hackers off from sensitive business data. Since the infrastructure offered by the service provider is dedicated to the particular company, businesses pay more than what they do for public cloud services. Also, they are responsible for data management in cloud computing


types of cloud computing


Hybrid Cloud

The hybrid cloud employs both public and private cloud models to enhance business sensibility. The public cloud services cater to different customers and clients of the business and let them access an array of functions from the cloud. The private cloud ensures safeguarding the sensitive data of the company internally. It is a perfect balance of deployment where the businesses can economically create solutions for the vast needs of their different clients from time to time. 


Community Cloud

Users from the same industry, having common objectives avail cloud computing services called as Community cloud model. The provider analyses the different needs of the community and creates an infrastructure that suits all. However, it comes with many compliances and security aspects to cover the sensitivity of data used in the process. 


Cloud For The Future

The cloud computing ecosystem thereby involves a working group of providers, clients, applications, hardware, and software components to build solutions. These solutions are not short-lived; instead, they project solutions for answering the issues from the future. The impact of technology on human lives is enormous, and it is going to affect our working styles tremendously. Think about the role of AI in data storage or having a platform like Google workspace! Cloud computing has successfully changed business operations today. But we all know this has just begun, and with time, we will have more evolved concepts of cloud computing. All we must do is go with the flow!


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A believer of good things and pursuer of diverse avocation, she is a fiction lover and a simple writer. Supriti has a number of professions to her list and she feels challenges are the only answers to failures.


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